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If you had unprotected sex or had a contraceptive method fail, you may be considering emergency contraception. Keep in mind that emergency contraception is not intended for use if you’re already pregnant. Read the information in the tabs below to learn more.

If you have a positive pregnancy test, you have three choices to consider: Abortion, Adoption and Parenting. Read the tabs below for more information.

Our services can answer:
  • Are you pregnant?
  • How far along are you?
  • Is your pregnancy normal?
  • Are you at risk?
  • Do you have a tubal pregnancy requiring immediate medical attention?
We can help you understand your choices and your pregnancy, discuss your health and explain your options.

Emergency Contraception

Valley Women’s Clinic offers accurate medical information about all pregnancy options; however we do not provide or refer for emergency contraception.

Emergency contraception isn’t intended for use if you’re already pregnant. So before you decide about using some form of emergency contraception, you need to determine whether or not you’re already pregnant. Request an appointment with us for a free pregnancy test.

Valley Women’s Clinic does not provide or refer for emergency contraception, but our medical staff can provide you with accurate medical information about it so that you can make an informed decision.

Morning After Pill (Plan B)

What is it?
The “morning after pill” is a large dose of oral contraceptive. Known as Plan B, the pill is actually 2 tablets, one taken within 72 hours of intercourse and the second 12 hours later.

Plan B One-Step is one pill containing 1.5mg levonorgestrel and is marked G00 (G zero zero) on one side.

It is NOT the same as RU-486.

How does it work?
Plan B is believed to act as an emergency contraceptive principally by preventing ovulation or fertilization. In addition, it may inhibit implantation. It is not effective once the process of implantation has begun.

Things to consider:

  • Emergency contraception is not effective if a woman is already pregnant.
  • If a woman complains of lower abdominal pain after taking Plan B, ectopic pregnancy should be ruled out.
  • Plan B does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • The manufacturer warns that Plan B is not recommended for routine use as a contraceptive.
  • The most common side effects in the Plan B clinical trial were nausea, abdominal pain, fatigue, headache and menstrual changes. Menstrual patterns are often irregular after taking Plan B.

Source: Mayo Clinic


ulipristal acetate 30 mg (August, 2010)

What is it?
Ella is chemically similar to mifeprex (RU-486). Ella is FDA-approved only as an emergency contraceptive for the prevention of pregnancy following unprotected intercourse or a known or suspected contraceptive failure. Ella is not intended for routine use as a contraceptive.

How does it work?
Ella works by blocking the hormone progesterone from performing its hormonal functions in the female body. When Ella is taken before ovulation, it postpones ovulation by 5-9 days. If Ella is taken after ovulation, it decreases the uterine lining’s thickness thus inhibiting an embryo’s attachment to the uterine wall.

Things to consider:

  • Ella is not indicated for termination of an existing pregnancy. Pregnancy should be ruled out by taking a pregnancy test before using Ella.
  • Women, who become pregnant 3 to 5 weeks after taking Ella or complain of lower abdominal pain 3 to 5 weeks after taking Ella, should be evaluated for ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ella may alter the next expected menses. If a woman’s period is delayed beyond one week, pregnancy should be ruled out.
  • Most common adverse reactions are headache, abdominal pain, nausea, dysmenorrhea, fatigue and dizziness.

Source: Watson-Pharma, Inc. (Ella Manufacturer)


Valley Women’s Clinic offers counseling and accurate medical information about all pregnancy options; however we do not offer or refer for abortion procedures.

Abortion procedures vary in complexity and cost based on the length of time since a woman’s last menstrual period (LMP). Our medical staff can explain the different types of abortion, give you an opportunity to ask questions, and provide accurate medical information so you can make an informed decision about your pregnancy.

Before deciding about abortion, you need to find out if you’re really pregnant and how far along you are. Request an appointment at one of our clinics for a free pregnancy confirmation.

Valley Women’s Clinic does not perform or refer for abortions. This protects our clients because clinics that do abortions make money from that procedure. In order to give you unbiased information, we don’t do abortions or have any referral relationships with clinics that do.

RU-486 (Abortion Pill): Within 4 to 7 weeks after LMP

This drug is only approved for use in women up to the 49th day after their last menstrual period. The procedure usually requires three office visits. On the first visit, the woman is given mifepristone to take orally. This drug blocks the hormone progesterone needed to maintain the pregnancy and causes the death of the embryo. Two days later, if the abortion has not occurred, the second drug, misoprostol, is inserted into the vagina causing the uterus to contract and expel the placenta and embryo. The last visit (14 days later) is a follow up ultrasound to determine if the procedure has been completed. Most RU-486 abortions are completed within 2 weeks, but some can take up to 3 or 4 weeks. If this method fails a surgical abortion will be required. Physical side effects may include: heavy bleeding, headache, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and cramping.

NOTE: RU-486 will not work in the case of an ectopic pregnancy. This is a potentially life-threatening condition in which the embryo lodges outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. If not diagnosed early, the tube may burst, causing internal bleeding and in some cases, the death of the woman.

FDA Information on Mifeprex (RU-486)

Manual Vacuum Aspiration: Up to 7 weeks after LMP

This surgical abortion is done early in the pregnancy up until 7 weeks after the woman’s last menstrual period. A long, thin tube is inserted into the uterus. A large syringe is attached to the tube and the embryo is suctioned out.

Suction Curettage: Between 6 to 14 weeks after LMP

This is the most common surgical abortion procedure. Because the baby is larger, the doctor must first stretch open the cervix using metal rods. Opening the cervix may be painful, so local or general anesthesia is typically needed. After the cervix is stretched open, the doctor inserts a hard plastic tube into the uterus, and then connects this tube to a suction machine. The suction pulls the fetus’ body apart and out of the uterus.


You have choices with adoption. You make the choices when you make an adoption plan.

  • Will the adoption be open or closed?
  • Will it be private or will you use an agency?
  • Do I want to be known by my child and be a part of his/her life?
We can provide you with current information on today’s choices of adoptions.


You may have more questions than answers about parenting. There are many resources to support you if you choose to parent. We offer referrals, material resources and classes on parenting.

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